Populus (including Populus afghanica) Populus × canadensis (P. deltoides × P. nigra) – hybrid black poplar Black cottonwood grows quickly to heights of 80 to 125 feet—up to 200 feet in bygone days, along the lower Columbia River—and diameters up to four feet or more. This cottonwood species has long buds that grow up to 3 cm and these bloom into yellowish flowers. & A. Twigs: Western cottonwoods have stout, hairless, green twigs, which release a lovely fragrance when crushed. Cottonwood trees provide cheap timber for making pellets, boxes, crates, and also pulp for paper. In this article, you will find out information about cottonwood trees. Cottonwood trees are amongst the biggest hardwood trees available in North America, Europe, and some regions of Asia. the sow black bear climbs down the cottonwood tree. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The bark is rough and dark-colored, thus “black cottonwood”. Names. One of the other problems with these types of poplar trees is that they are susceptible to diseases and bugs. black bears in anchorage, alaska. Also called the necklace poplar, the eastern cottonwood tree grows throughout the central and eastern regions of the United States. - black cottonwood stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. The fruits contain many cottony seeds. Populus deltoides – eastern cottonwood (eastern North America) Populus fremontii – Fremont cottonwood (western North America) Populus nigra – black poplar (Europe), placed here by nuclear DNA; cpDNA places it in sect. Narrowleaf cottonwood trees grow to about 98 ft. (30 m) tall and grow in zones 3 – 7. What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass. As with all cottonwoods, the bark has deep fissures giving it a cracked appearance. • Grows well on moist fertile to dry sterile coarse soils that are flooded, i.e. Distribution: Northwestern North America. Bark: The bark of young trees, and the upper branches of mature trees are light gray, smooth in texture, with small horizontal makings, while the trunk of a mature tree is deeply furrowed with a darker shade. The gently spreading shape of the tree provided shade in grasslands. Black cottonwoods only grow to about 90 ft. (27 m) high which is shorter than their North American cousins. Black poplar is dioecious, meaning male and female flowers are found on separate trees. Some species of cottonwood trees have been known to reach heights of 100 ft. (30 m) or more. Fruits: Green capsule-like fruits grow on the tree, which contain numerous cottony seeds within them. The third major cottonwood species is Fremont’s cottonwood. These large trees can grow to between 50 and 80 ft. (15 – 24 m). Along with pictures of cottonwood tree species, descriptions of the bark and leaves will help to identify these large native North American trees. These hardwood trees are also found in deciduous forests. Scientific Name: Populus trichocarpa. The leaves of this poplar are some of the largest of any of the cottonwood trees. The lanceleaf cottonwood, however, will only live for up to 50 years. Its leaves have fine teethed corners and can be triangular in shape or sometimes also come close to resembling a diamond shape. Black cottonwood exhibits considerable variation throughout its range. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. owen's valley's awesome autumn (pg) - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. Elongated narrow leaves that are glossy green and turn sunny yellow in the fall. These trees are native to North America, Western Asia, and Europe. (2). Credit: Mauritius Images GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo southcentral alaska. Black cottonwood tree features a conical shape and looks simply spectacular standing upright in all its green glory. Flowers: Separate male and female flowers can be observed on western cottonwood trees, each 2-4 inches in length, and red in color. Massive green leaves in a triangle shape that create lush foliage. However, the flowers are dioecious, i.e., the type of flower growing will depend upon the gender of the tree. Populus trichocarpa, the black cottonwood, western balsam-poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to western North America. PLANT, pnwplant, pnwplants, plant, images, northwest Cottonwood trees are species of poplar trees belonging to the genus Populus. The big glossy triangular leaves dangle down from the stems. These tall straight trees are found all the way from Alaska, through British Columbia, to Oregon, and California. You can tell the male and female species apart because the males have yellow catkins and the females have green colored ones. If you compare them with eastern cottonwood leaves, you will see Fremont’s cottonwood leaves are smaller with less serration. Black Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa) • Very tall tree with narrow, rounded, open to pointed crown, up to 165 feet in height. Populus nigra, the black poplar, is a species of cottonwood poplar, the type species of section Aigeiros of the genus Populus, native to Europe, southwest and central Asia, and northwest Africa. Although, some studies do show that people can suffer from allergic reactions to the cotton. These leaves grow alternately on branches and have a flat stem. These trees have a widespread foliage that can extend to 5 feet in diameter. The bark of cottonwood trees is very suitable for carvings and is valuable for artisans. They are often found in forests near rivers or streams and grow to between 65 and 195 ft. (20 – 60 m) high. Populus L. – cottonwood Species: Populus balsamifera L. – balsam poplar Subspecies: Populus balsamifera L. ssp. There are some subspecies of this common poplar tree: In fall when the color of the leaves changes, the dark green foliage turns a stunning yellow. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Lanceleaf cottonwood trees grow to between 40 and 60 ft. (12 – 18 m) and have a spread of up to 40 ft. (12 m). Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, Pros & Cons of a Garden Mulch Bed vs. Non-Mulch Bed, Tips, Tricks & Reasons to Mulch Around Trees. These may either be gray or green in color. Weeping Cherry Trees: Types and Care (Including Dwarf Weeping Cherry Trees), Types of Trees with Their Name and Picture for Easy Identification, Small or Dwarf Weeping Trees for Landscaping (With Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures), Cottonwood Trees: Facts, Identification, Pictures, Problems, and More. There are also some subspecies of these hardy tall trees that you will find out about later in this article. Black cottonwood trees become stunning in the fall where their foliage turns a beautiful bright yellow color. These trees are also very important in maintaining the well-being of numerous wild animals, birds, and insects. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Another way to tell this species of poplar apart from other broadleaf trees is the rustling sound the leaves make in a gentle breeze. This type of cottonwood tree is a hybrid between the eastern cottonwood and the narrowleaf cottonwood. Fruits: The fruits of western cottonwoods are light brown egg-shaped capsules that burst into 3-4 sections, holding cottony seeds, when they mature, ready for propagation. The fast growth rate of cottonwood trees and the strength of the timber means it has many uses. Black Cottonwood. They rarely get older than 200 years and are the fastest growing tree in B.C. Similar to all species of cottonwood, black poplars are fast-growing trees that produce low-grade timber. spring. The “delta” leaves are between 1.5” to 4” long (4 – 10 cm) and about the size at their widest part. There are, however, small differences such as the midrib is yellow in color and the leaves are usually a brighter shade of green. Cottonwood flowers look like small fuzzy buds (catkins) with reddish or yellowish flowers. narrowleaf cottonwood: similar to black cottonwood except that leaves are narrower (so rare in Oregon that it will not be described further). The leaves of the Chinese necklace poplar are very large. Cottonwood trees are huge deciduous trees that have large green leaves and thick foliage. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. Black Cottonwood - Populus trichocarpa - PNW Plants. Their tall stature and wide-spreading dense foliage mean they are great shade trees. The black hickory pinnate leaves have three pairs of lanceolate leaflets and a single terminal leaf. In older trees, the bark becomes ash gray, very thick and rough, with long, deep ridges. The eastern cottonwood is a large and fast growing tree. The bark is smooth and silvery-white when young and becomes hard, gray, and deeply fissured as the tree matures. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. These trees are usually found growing along the Mississippi and in states such as in Tennessee, Illinois, Ohio, and Indiana. If you want to use a cottonwood tree in landscaping, then choose the ‘Highland’ cultivar as it doesn’t produce annoying cotton fluff in the summer. Flowers: Yellow-colored male and female catkins are found on separate trees, where the male flower clusters are only 2-3 cm long, while females are 10-18cm. As with most species of trees in the cottonwood family, the timber is weak and the narrowleaf cottonwood tree is not commercially important. Being a species of a poplar tree, cottonwoods are also related to aspens. (Torr. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Rather than having a delta-shaped leaf, they have heart-shaped leaves. However, it is the pollen from the cottonwood tree that causes the majority of hay fever symptoms. Their flat wide edge and flat stem make them “clatter” in the wind. Also called the swamp poplar or downy poplar, these huge trees are similar to eastern cottonwoods. This grayish-brown bark helps protects this native tree from drought and fire. Flowers on the eastern cottonwood species are reddish on male trees and yellowish-green on female trees. Balsam poplar and black cottonwood hybridize and produce frequently mixed populations where both taxa are sympatric or even where they are separated by rather large distances. The ends of the twigs are usually covered with a brown balsam-scented resin. The leaves are lanceolate and have scalloped edges. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), cottonwoods grow in areas of full sun and in moist, well-drained sandy soil. These cookies do not store any personal information. These dark shiny leaves turn to impressive bright yellows in the fall. Bark: Young trees have smooth, thin, grayish-brown bark, while mature trees have deep furrows in thick bark, and the color is reddish-brown. The leaves may be triangular or ovate in shape, with a fine serration on the borders. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Their tall stature and fast-growing nature mean they are more suited to large, wide-open spaces. Apart from looking at the above factors, it is fairly easy to identify this tree by studying its bark and leaves: Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. The bark is rough with deep furrows and is a gray-brown color. Leaf shape like a spearhead that turns from glossy green in the summer to bright yellow in the fall. Eastern Cottonwood is the state tree of Kansas and Nebraska, and is sometimes called the pioneer of the prairie; pioneers on the Oregon Trail would look for such trees, as their shade and firewood was a welcome respite, and their presence usually meant that water was nearby. Their trunks are deeply furrowed. The light white fluffy fibers can accumulate in yards, get into homes, block drains and gutters, and clog up filters. Description. Winter Tree Identification in the PNW. In the wild they usually grow in groups and gain heights of 150ft. bears. The bark is rough with deep furrows and is a gray-brown color. They are an important part of many forest ecosystems across the globe. Bark: Yellowish-green and smooth on young trees but deeply furrowed in maturity. The Chinese necklace poplar is a delightful shade tree with large leaves and dense foliage. 1990. Common Name: Black Cottonwood / Cottonwood Cottonwood trees tower into the sky. This hybridization may be considered intraspecific (see balsam poplar). These cottonwood trees grow in the western regions of North America at high altitudes. under a black cottonwood tree, populus balsamifera, on the edge of wood lake, british columbia, canada - cottonwood tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Leaves of mature trees can display a light rust color on the side facing the ground. Watch Queue Queue Eastern cottonwoods are native deciduous trees that are widespread near river banks and low-lying areas. This huge majestic deciduous tree is also called the Alamo cottonwood as it is found in Texas and other southern US states. Cordate (heart-shaped) large oval leaves that are up to 6” (15 cm) long and with an elongated tip. Swamp cottonwoods are another species of massive tree that grows in temperate regions in North America. Vessels are moderately few to very numerous; pores are numerous, small, and barely visible to the naked eye. Trunk diameters from 2 to 5 feet. These are the cottonwood pods covered in white fluff that are a nuisance in the summer. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. Flowers: Red and greenish flowers, grow on eastern cottonwoods. For more information on the cottonwoods, poplars, and aspens native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page or see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". Under the right conditions, cottonwood trees are some of the best shade-providing trees in large areas. The black cottonwood is a tall tree that produces low-grade timber. Due to the fact that cottonwood lumber is soft, yet durable, it has many uses in the timber industry. Black Cottonwood leaves may also have an ovate shape and the leaves of mature trees may show a light rust color on the side facing the ground. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc.